Proton vs. Electron

Proton vs. Electron

Table of Content Introduction Discovery Composition Symbol Antiparticle Classification Mass charge Specific Charge Location Existence in an atom Baryon Number Mean Life Time Introduction Every atom in the universe consists of proton, electron and neutron. What we see around us is the combination of these particles in different pattern and amount. As far as we …

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Laboratory Preparation of (Anhydrous) Formic Acid

Laboratory Preparation of (Anhydrous) Formic Acid

Table of Content Introduction to Formic Acid Principle Preparation of anhydrous formic acid General properties of formic acid Introduction to Formic Acid Formic acid is a weak organic acid. Its molecular formula is HCOOH. According to IUPAC, it is termed as methanoic acid. Laboratory preparation of formic acid involves the reaction of oxalic acid crystals …

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Introduction and Properties of Ionic Compounds

Introduction and Properties of Ionic Compounds

Table of Content Introduction to Ionic Compounds Formation of Ionic Compounds Properties of Ionic Compounds Introduction to Ionic Compounds Those compounds which are formed by combination of ions are called ionic compounds. They are also called electrovalent compounds. Electrostatic force of attraction between positively charged and negatively charged ions hold them together in the crystal …

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First Ever Image of Black Hole Supports Einstein’s Theory of Relativity

First Ever Image of Black Hole Supports Einstein’s Theory of Relativity

Table of Contents Introduction to Black Hole About First Image of Black Hole Prediction by Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity Conclusion Introduction to Black Hole Black holes are supermassive objects from where nothing can escape, not even light. The edges of black hole are the point of no return called event horizon. But scientists finally …

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Radioactive Decay

Radioactive Decay

Table of Contents Introduction Types of Radioactive Decay Laws of Radioactive Decay Mathematical Treatment Applications of Radioactive Decay Radiation Hazard Introduction Radioactive Decay is the process of emission of radioactive radiations from a nucleus of an atom. The unstable nuclei ( generally the nuclei of atomic mass greater than 83 ) and having more number …

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Interference of Light Waves

Interference of Light Waves

Table of Contents Introduction to Interference of Light Principle of superposition of light wave Types of interference of light wave Constructive interference Destructive interference Conditions for Sustained Interference of Light Waves Explanation for Interference of Light Waves Application of Interference of Light Waves Introduction to Interference of Light When two light waves of same frequency …

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